Baluarte in Lumang Bayan, Naujan, Oriental Mindoro

Situated in the village of Lumang Bayan, this tower was constructed on a hill overlooking an old harbour and the surrounding bay. It stands as a testimony to the constant threat of piracy that plagued these waters well before the colonial period. Merchant ships hailing from China and later from Spain and the rest of Europe were constantly on their guard against seafaring criminals, and the watchtower was built out of concern for invading bands of Muslim marauders. 


Excavation Museum – Puerto Galera, Oriental Mindoro

Puerto Galera is not just famous for its beaches and dive sites, but it is also a repository of priceless historical artifacts. Most of these archaeological treasures can be found within the Excavation Museum.

The Excavation Museum in Puerto Galera consists of a single room but it is filled with numerous artifacts and relics that proudly showcase the glorious heritage of the island. Among the various antique pieces that are contained in the museum are several Siamese burial jars, several of which remain in good condition. Based on studies by experts and historians it appears that a majority of them were used in burial ceremonies.

Other antiques in the Excavation Museum in Puerto Galera are Chinese jars and porcelain. Scientific examinations of these pieces reveal that they are between 500 to 1,000 years old. Furthermore, it has also been established that a majority of these pieces came from wrecked vessels, several of which can still be found in the seas around Puerto Galera. The priceless objects have been determined by the scholars to have come from several dynasties, including the Yuan, Ming and Sung, which came to power over a thousand years ago.

Apart from these, the Excavation Museum in Puerto Galera also houses several historical objects from the Philippines, notably various types of pottery, dating from various time periods. Most of these potteries were probably used in ceremonial purposes but some of them were utilized for burial customs too. As beautiful as these objects are, they are also invaluable for the information they provide to scholars and historians who study the history of the early Filipino people.


Cross at Muelle – Puerto Galera, Oriental Mindoro

In November 1879, the Canonero Mariveles Battleship was sunk in the Manila Channel off the coast of Puerto Galera. Regionally, this was a key event during the Spanish American War, and a marble cross was erected in honour of the victory. Today, this is one of Puerto Galera’s primary historic attractions, and can be found via a five-minute walk from the city centre.


Parola Park – Sablayan, Ocidental Mindoro

Parola Park is also known as Presing Park named after the wife of former Mayor Loreto Urieta during his term.

This Mountain Park was served as the setting of a historic watchtower and cannon built in 1861 against Muslim pirates and intruders ho used to raid the area.

Round the clock watchers and defenders stationed thereat signal or warn the people to hide while launching volleys of cannon fires to defend the town. Today, a lighthouse and an old cannon could still be found there. The park offers the best sunset view in town.