The old village of Paluan mentioned in history was Calavite. The said village could be found near the sea at the north-westernmost part of Occidental Mindoro. Its original name was kalawit, from the shape of the mountain behind the settlement of the people.
Aside from being the center of the Catholic faith, Calavite was mentioned in history due to shipwrecks which oftentimes occurred in its rough seas. Elders of the Iraya tribe still remember a Chinese ship which sank at the sea near Calavite. The place where the waves brought the remnants of the ship is now called Sitio Purao.
The municipal officials of Paluan stated that this town was created on January 5, 1901 by virtue of a resolution passed by the members of the Municipal Council of Mamburao.
Mayor: Abelardo Sanchez Pangilinan
Vice-Mayor: Edgar Pagilagan Barrientos
• Lynette Calabio Torreliza
• Demosthenes Ramos Viaña
• Carl Michael Mopera Pangilinan
• Antonio De Lara Tinaliga
• Roel Ventajar Carlos
• Ronaldo Insigne Torreliza
• Williard Fineza Sanchez
• Melvin Terrenal Tagumpay
Paluan is politically subdivided into 12 barangays.
• MarikitMunicipal Profile
• Mapalad Pob. (Bgy. 1)
• Handang Tumulong Pob. (Bgy. 2)
• Silahis Ng Pag-Asa Pob. (Bgy. 3)
• Pag-Asa Ng Bayan Pob. (Bgy. 4)
• Bagong Silang Pob. (Bgy. 5)
• San Jose Pob. (Bgy 6)